Wednesday, May 6, 2020
America is hungry, and someone has got to keep us fed. We live in a country with the luxury of convenience, so naturally hamburgers are as Ã¢â¬Å"American as apple pieÃ¢â¬ with the ease of picking them up at a drive-thru window, and ability to munch them one-handed, and the extreme affordability all factoring in to put them on most peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s favorite food list. Unfortunately for the burger lovers out there, these lunchtime staples are also harboring a hidden danger; a potentially deadly food borne pathogen named Escherichia coli thatÃ¢â¬â¢s been making headlines more frequently as of late. Escherichia coli, or E. coli for short, are most commonly found in ground beef. It is naturally present in the bovine gastrointestinal system, the mutated strain,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦There are many areas things can go wrong in the process of raising, slaughtering, and packaging the beef for human consumption. Especially so in slaughterhouses and processing plants, as there are many potential contamination hazards, and most depend on human attention to catch and correct. The cattle may arrive at the slaughterhouse with feces on their hides, which present the first risk of contamination as it can be very difficult to remove the hides from the animal without transferring any of the pathogen bearing feces to the carcass. The second high-risk area in the slaughterhouse is the gutting station, where at some locations, workers are expected to keep up an extremely fast pace, as many as sixty cattle per hour, which does not provide adequate time to prevent accidents. A ruptured gut sac can leave a carcass intended for human consumption covered in fecal matter or stomach acids all potentially containing the potentially deadly foodborne bacteria (Schlosser 203). At these slaughterhouses, steps are taken to clean and disinfect the carcasses, but E. coli is hard to kill. It is encouraged by the Agricultural Department to begin testing at these locations for E. coli, but most choose not to, as they stand to suffer significant monetary damage if they discover any E. coli present in their products (Moss 3). Most slaughterhouses will not sell their products to processing plants that plan to pre-screen the meat before combining and
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: The tools (Johari window, MBTI, TA and DISC) should be used and reflect how they have helped you to reflect on your own attitudes and behaviours in terms of conflict and communication(the writer can reflect their attitudes and behaviour in terms of conflict). Answer: Introduction Considering the fact that conflict in the workplace is an unavoidable part of work experience, they can be highly reduced by self-assessment (Leon-Perezet et al. 2015). Having self-awareness is crucial since when we have a better understanding of ourselves, we can easily assess our strengths as well as weaknesses. This understanding of our own selves helps us to deal with conflicts that we face in our workplaces. Some of the highly beneficial self-assessment tools include the Johari Window model, the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) model, the Transactional Analysis (TA) and the DISC tool. In this essay, I will reflect upon how the above-mentioned tools have helped me to manage a critical conflict that happened in my workplace The conflict Being the manager of the XYZ Company, situated in Sydney, Australia, I have experienced several crucial conflicts in my workplace. As a manager, I always believe that conflict can be healthy if solved with efficiency. It helps in the development of better understanding among the employees as well as the superiors. However, if not solved in an appropriate way, conflict can take a major shape and result in immense loss of revenue of the organization. That year, our Company had got the opportunity to sign a major project that can enhance our revenue to a great level. However, the deadline of the project was too short and hence the manager decided to let the project go Being a person of overachieving mentally, I insisted my superior to sign the contract of the project assuring that I would be able to manage the situation. My intention was to pursue and motivate the employees to work overtime and thus get the work done within the stipulated time. Unfortunately, the plan made by me did not seem to work the way I wanted to. While more than 70 percent of the employees were not ready to work overtime, 26 percent of the employees asked for incentive for working after the official time was over. Only 4 percent of the employees seemed to have no issues with the plan. As a result of this, the productivity required for the completion of the project on time was not achieved. Being highly tensed, I started pressuring the employees to work overtime. While the majority of the employees kept silence, one of the employees protested. Our conversation eventually took the form of an argument. During the argument, the employee had started using abusive words against me. Being highly short tempered, I terminated the employee under Zero Tolerance Act and for ill-behaving with his superior. This situation ignited the conflict and the employees of the organization called for a strike in favour of the terminated employee. How Johari window, MBTI, TA and DISC helped me to manage the conflict In order to deal with the above-discussed situation, I underwent the four abovementioned self-assessment test. With the help of DISC, Analysis tool helped me to understand my leadership style. From the DiSC Analysis test (Saxena 2015), I understood that I belong to the Di category. The term Di stands for Dominant and influential. This tool helped me assess my strength as well as a weakness as a leader. While I have the capacity to influence and motivate my employees to a great level, being a dominant leader, I imposed the pressure of my own decision on the employees which had lead to the above-mentioned conflict. The DiSC Analysis model also helped me to predict the behaviour of my employees and this, in turn, enabled me to establish effective interaction with each one of them. The Johari window model helped me to handle criticism. I understood that criticism is one of the best ways to understand ones own personality and what ones peers think about him (Burian et al. 2014). With the help of Johari Tool, I understood what my peers, as well as my subordinates, think about me. This, in turn, helped me to understand their psychology and issues they have with me. I also gained the knowledge of how to deal with criticism and use it for the benefit of my own as well as for the organization. From the Johari window model, I find out that according to employees I am a highly enthusiastic leader but at the same time I am highly dominating and often end up pressuring my employees. In order to eradicate my negative image form the mind of the employees, I started communicating with the employees and genuinely tried to understand their issues. During my communication with them, I understood that how hard and tiring it is for them to work for provide extra effort after performing for a prolonged period of time. The MBTI model helped me to develop a solution to eradicate the above-mentioned conflict. Considering the fact I belonged to the TF dichotomy, I prefer thinking focused decision (Weick 2015). The four factors I considered while taking the decision included: What was the conflict about? Principles and opinions of the two group involved in the conflict Analysis of the difference in opinions Taking a firm decision During my analysis, I understood that my decision of making the employee work even after their shift time is over is not only unethical but illegal as well. The Employees has the legal right to sue me legally. Fortunately, they have not taken the step since they respect my commitment and loyalty towards the organization and my ability to motivate them. Along with the MBTI model, the TA model also helped me to manage the conflict. I had implemented the Ego States theory during the decision-making process (Radwan 2014). This theory helped me to understand that being the manager of XYZ Company, during the conversation with the employee, it was my duty to communicate with him modestly. This, in turn, would have helped me to understand his issue as a result of which he was showing aggressive behaviour. After analyzing my role as well as the psychology of my employees behind the conflict, I decided to implement the following steps. Firstly, since our organization has already signed a contract with the company and needs to complete the project within the stipulated time, I organized a meeting where the current liability of the company and the huge loss of revenue that the company would face if corporation from the employees is not obtained will be stated. Secondly, considering the fact that this immoral as well as illegal to pressurize th e employees for working more than their office hours, I decided to implement an incentive plan. Extra money was provided to the employees who worked for an additional period of time after their working hours were over. Finally, we appointed he terminate employee again in our organization only after he provided a written commitment that he would follow the code of conduct in the workplace in future. Identification of the tool that helped me the most The four tools mentioned in the above discussion helped me to manage the conflict in different ways. While the disc tool helped me to evaluate my leadership style, the Johari window model assisted me to understand my own personality and what my peers and employees think about it. With the help of both of these tools, I understood my strength as well as weaknesses. The MBTI tool helped me to assess the situation and show me the way so that the situation can be handled most effectively. Finally, with the help of TA tool, I was able to take an effective decision and managed the conflict successfully. Areas of Concern The only concern I had while using and implementing the four above mentioned tools to manage the conflict was that none of the tools is multifunctional. I noticed that none of the tools possesses the capability of solving the issue on. Hence I had to use all the four tools to manage the above-mentioned situation. Self assessment It is the core concern for me to see each aspect of conflict management and finding out why it stays critical to be a successful leader during the operational conflict. I have adapted some helpful lessons from various experiences as a manager and how I can enhance my administration capacity in this type of situation. I tenaciously work to settle on sound and convenient choices while enabling others to adopt some features from me. I observed my workforce very closely and pay special attention to identify the core causes of these conflicts while keeping them efficient by understanding their problems and obstacles. I have to build up a structure as per my observation and identification of situational choice, guaranteeing each undertaking decision is comprehended, regulated, and achieved by me and my subordinates while it would not have any dominant approach towards them. I routinely look for better approaches to assemble the workforce without any dominating approach while utilizing and motivating them as per their capabilities. I want to be an exceptionally devoted individual where I need to build up more leading capacities for making an ideal decision in any kind of conflicts. At the same time, I have the capacity to keep me motivated in any chaotic situation. I want to prepare effective motivational push for me and for my subordinates to achieve the objectives with collective dedication. Reference List Burian, P.E., Francis, R., Burian, P.S. and Pieffer, M.A., 2014. Leadership Systems Model: An Integration Of People, Process, And Behaviors In A Dynamic And Evolving Environment.International Journal of Management Information Systems (Online),18(4), p.261. Leon-Perez, J.M., Medina, F.J., Arenas, A. and Munduate, L., 2015. The relationship between interpersonal conflict and workplace bullying.Journal of Managerial Psychology,30(3), pp.250-263. Radwan, N., 2014. An adaptive learning management system based on learners learning style.International Arab Journal of e-Technology,3(4), p.7. Saxena, P., 2015. JOHARI WINDOW: An Effective Model for Improving Interpersonal Communication and Managerial Effectiveness.SIT Journal of Management,5(2), pp.134-146. Weick, K.E., 2015. The social psychology of organizing.M@ n@ gement,18(2), p.18
Saturday, April 18, 2020
Speed Of Time Essay, Research Paper Virilio and Gleick use velocity as an analytic tool/concept to understand post-contemporary society. Both writers trace the development of velocity through engineering. However, Virilio sees the development of velocity through war and Gleick analyses velocity through the development of # 8220 ; clip # 8221 ; . Virilio? s technological military determinism in? Speed and Politicss? illustrates how we lost awkwardness through engineering and farther more how it was developed for the intents, and from the logic, of war. In? Faster? , James Gleick provides context for the complexness of post-industrial life and its transmutation by engineering. He tries to specify our relationship with? clip? to understand post-contemporary society. He places our civilization # 8217 ; s infatuation with velocity into a context ; historically, technically, and psychologically. Gleick dissects clip, demoing us how the ability to mensurate clip in of all time more exact ways has affected us and the universe in which we live in. We will write a custom essay sample on Speed Of Time Essay Research Paper Virilio or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page He claims: ? if we don? t understand clip, we become its victims? . Gleick and Virilio? s technological determinism illustrates that engineering, non humanity, is responsible for finding the way and development of human life. Virilio argues that the metropolis, political relations, civilization, human presence and values are disintegrating due to the speed/acceleration of life. ? We are riders of the empty circle who merely wish to get before they leave. Speed is a perfect will to impotence? . Virilio utilizations velocity as an analytic tool to speculate a post-contemporary society. He develops his post-structuralist review through the lens of his new methodological analysis, ? dromology? ; the scientific discipline, and survey of velocity. # 8220 ; Dromomatics # 8221 ; alters our perceptual experiences of velocity, examines the function of velocity in history and its of import maps in urban and societal life, warfare, the economic system, transit and communicating. ? In this unstable fiction velocity would all of a sudden go a fate, a force of advancement, in other words a # 8220 ; civilisation # 8221 ; in which each velocity would be something of a # 8220 ; faith # 8221 ; in clip? [ 141 ] . This # 8220 ; dromocratic revolution # 8221 ; involves agencies of manufacturing velocity with the steam engine, so the burning engine, and in our twenty-four hours atomic energy and instantaneous signifiers of warfare and communicating. Technology is used to construct the planetary war machine, ? the more velocity additions, the faster freedom lessenings? [ 142 ] . Harmonizing to Virilio the phenomenon of engineering came in big portion from the arsenal and war economic system. The writer? s construct of post-contemporary world is founded on the sociology of military engineering, which changes the modern-day perceptual experiences of infinite and clip. ? the transit capacity created by the mass production of automobilies [ ? ] can go a societal assault, a revolution sufficient and able to modify the citizen? s manner of life by transforming all the consumer? s demands, by wholly reconstructing a district? ? [ 26 ] . It is the disintegration of the societal. The conquering of the postmodern engineering of pure velocity as a war machine, one in which we are all processed: ? the mobilization of societies [ ? ] makes every citizen a war machine? [ 90 ] . Weapons of war are based on developing the velocity of onslaught. # 8220 ; Speed is the kernel of war # 8221 ; [ Sun Tzu ] . Military engineering, engineerings of representation, and new computing machine and information engineerings have constituted the post-contemporary. War intensified through engineering, which is accelerated by velocity. War is the centre of civilisation. ? The category battle is replaced by the battle of the technological organic structures of the ground forcess harmonizing to their dynamic efficiency? [ 48 ] . We are a civilization inclined towards extremism at a point where engineering appears to rush up as it approaches inactiveness. ? The treshold of velocity is continously shrinking, and the faster engine is beconig more and more hard to gestate of? [ 46 ] . Technologies of simultaneousness and coherency, maintain civilian society in a province of lasting mobilisation, driven by the competition for markets, resources and domains of influence. ? Revolution is motion, but motion is non revolution? [ 18 ] . Angstrom conflict for domination in the procedures of economic concentration, in which the foreparts, no longer pull up along national boundaries and between political systems, are defined by proficient criterions. A conflict in which the power of cognition is managed as a profitable monopoly of its distribution and airing. Bourgeois power is military even more than economic, but it relates most straight to the supernatural permanency of the province of besieging, to the visual aspect of bastioned towns. [ 11 ] Gleick traces the development of clip through engineering, ? merely in an age of velocity, can we halt clip? . He reveals how through technlogy clip has changed from the 2nd to the msec and eventually to nanosecond. ? During a nanosecond balls, chiropterans, slugs and droplets are motionless? [ 6 ] . The Directorate of Time, devised by the Defense Department, maintain s a Maestro Clock that sends its timely informations on the steady motions of # 8220 ; atomic beams in their vaults # 8221 ; to the International Bureau of Weights and Measures in Paris. # 8220 ; The consequence is. . . the exact clip # 8212 ; by definition, by world-wide consensus and decree. # 8221 ; All of modern life ticks to that metronome. ? Humanity is now a species with one ticker, and this is it? . Gleick argues that before atomic redstem storksbills, cell phones, nanosecond computing machine velocities and telephone redial buttons, our seasonableness ware less compulsiv, . We could # 8220 ; pass # 8221 ; clip productively or non. Time passed while we were occupied or idle. # 8220 ; In clip, # 8221 ; things came to go through and passed off. In # 8220 ; era of the nanosecond? we waste clip, we gain it and lose it, we kill it, we budget and form it, we move from # 8220 ; existent clip # 8221 ; to # 8220 ; practical # 8221 ; clip. And every 2nd, disconnected second, microsecond, we are obsessed with # 8220 ; salvaging # 8221 ; clip. Once we learned what clip it was, mensurable to the millionth of a nanosecond, we could handle clip as a measure, a trade good to be bought, sold and invested. Societies running at different velocities produce different civilizations. . As the velocity of devices accelerates, we are retrained to faster beat. Waiting 10 seconds for an lift feels unacceptably long. We take our intelligence in fast-food bites, and even music, the art made of clip, is acquiring shorter. Classical Stationss seldom play an full symphonic music any more. The 1,440-minute twenty-four hours is non expandible, the mean American spends about as much clip per twenty-four hours make fulling out paperwork for the federal authorities ( 4 proceedingss ) as holding sex ( 4.5 proceedingss ) . Gleick inquiries what is # 8220 ; more # 8221 ; clip ; is it fuller or freer? Is clip saved when we manage to go forth it empty, or when we stuff it with multiple activities, utile or pleasant? The deductions of time-saving is that we # 8217 ; re in a haste ; we # 8217 ; ve got short attending spans ; everything # 8217 ; s traveling faster. Telecommunication has made the transportation of information easy and quick. Therefore, the outlook for the sum of work to be completed is higher. This development of clip has changed our perceptual experience and experience of the universe. Through fragmenting clip we have become more fragmented ourselves. We have all become adept at treating 1000000s of spots of information at the same time, multitasking. We extinguish all intermissions and seek to compact everything into a individual minute ; telecasting and wireless interviews are routinely compressed somewhat, to take the annoyance intermissions and holds of human address. We have become speed loanblends, guzzling espresso and working 18 hr yearss, invariably plugged into the Net and nomadic phone. Our eyes have adapted to more cuts per second, and our multitasking accomplishments have neer been sharper. Rushing and multitasking is a cultural upset. New engineerings, like caffeine or pep pills, are # 8220 ; additives for our engines. # 8221 ; We want to travel faster, think faster, and make several things at one time. Laborsaving and convenience-oriented technological inventions created in the involvement of spread outing free clip have done the face-to-face. We are now # 8220 ; accessible # 8221 ; both in and outside the workplace, reacting to the demands of machines. However, if we pause we become impatient, we are bored. We are intoxicated by velocity. Gleick places passion as the antonym of ennui and so topographic points it into a historical context. Boredom is a comparatively modern phenomenon: # 8220 ; The word ennui hardly existed even a century ago # 8221 ; [ 270 ] . The writer relates the construct of ennui to our cultural attack to clip. We relax at velocity, everlastingly seeking to grate off a few seconds here and at that place so we can acquire something else done because there? s neer adequate clip. This cultural acceleration is bring forthing a coevals of attention-deficit-speed monsters, a new race of multitasking superhumans, capable of at the same time downloading files, channel surfboarding, and composing electronic mail. Virilio? s Speed and Politicss and Gleick? s Faster are essay on our civilization # 8217 ; s experience of clip and velocity. Both books imply that we are populating in an information-culture and engineering is our faith. Virilio analyses how engineerings have been developed for the war economic system and gives an history how those engineerings have crept into and militarised civilian lives. He illustrates the mutuality between velocity, engineering, and war. Gleick? s speculation on haste illustrates how those engineerings hold altered our perceptual experience of clip, which in bend has altered the person? s construct of ego. We are in a haste. We are doing hastiness. A compaction of clip characterizes the post-contemporary society. Stress, an epinephrine roseola, and passion, are symptom of the velocity illness, a consequence of the rapid March of technological advancement. We hurry up and delay, in physicians # 8217 ; offices, traffic jams, airdrome Gatess, on clasp with the tech line. An inflexible networked system needs merely one bug, a delayed flight, to starts an grim rippling consequence that can turn into a ruinous tidal moving ridge. Bibliography virilio, velocity nad political relations and gleicks faster
Saturday, March 14, 2020
Freedom of Speech Essay Example Freedom of Speech Essay Freedom of Speech Essay Mia Donte Knox En 1103-01 Ms. Kimbrough 29 June 2011 Freedom of Speech or Denial: An Analysis Of Ã¢â¬Å"Protecting Freedom of Expression on the CampusÃ¢â¬ The First Amendment to the United States Constitution is part of the Bill of Rights. The amendment prohibits the making of any law respecting an establishment of religion, impeding the free exercise of religion, abridging the freedom of speech, infringing on the freedom of the press, interfering with the right to peaceably assemble or prohibiting the petitioning for a governmental redress of grievances. The article, Ã¢â¬Å"Protecting Freedom of Expression on The Campus,Ã¢â¬ by Derek Bok opens with a life changing scenario and information regarding the freedom of speech for those on the Harvard campus. BokÃ¢â¬â¢s article voices his opinion about the First Amendment and should it make it okay to act upon racist acts, such as those that occurred on HarvardÃ¢â¬â¢s campus. As Bok stated in his essay, Ã¢â¬Å"two students hung Confederate flags in public view, upsetting students who equate the Confederacy with slavery. A third student tried to protest the flags by displaying a swastikaÃ¢â¬ (Bok 172). This incident brought about many discussions and disagreements among many people on and off the campus. Bok writes a very sufficient and informative article by using pathos, ethos, and logos frequently. BokÃ¢â¬â¢s article is strongly opinionated, even though it lacks concrete facts. He states many passionate points, making the reader more open to things he says in his work and to help understand how he personally feels about the essay. The way he states his opinion gives the reader room to feel the way he or she would like, but never forgetting his own voice. He uses pathos to appeal to the emotion of his readers. : By using words such as regret and stating that he completely shares the view of those who feel as if, Ã¢â¬Å"hanging a Confederate flag in public view or displaying a swastika in response is insensitive and unwise because any satisfaction it gives to the students who display these symbols is far outweighed by the discomfort is causes many othersÃ¢â¬ (Bok 172). He portrays to the reader that he cares and does not approve of such heinous acts and allows the reader to feel him through these words. Ã¢â¬Å"Protecting Freedom of Expression on The CampusÃ¢â¬ shows that Bok possess ethos by showing he knows the law of the land and the guidelines of the school. Bok states in his essay Ã¢â¬Å" under the Supreme CourtÃ¢â¬â¢s ruling, as I read them, the display of swastikas or Confederate flags clearly falls within the protection of the free-speech clause of the First Amendment and cannot be forbidden simply because it offends the feelings of many members of the community. This one statement gave him a certain right to speak. BokÃ¢â¬â¢s essay is written with lots of logos in the way he states the things he knows and how he feels. Facts and opinions are a vital part of this article, seeing that it was written to appeal and inform. His various statements such as Ã¢â¬Å"although it is unclear to what extent the First Amendment is enforceable against private institutions, I have difficulty understanding why a university such as Harvard should have less free speech than the surrounding society or that of a public universityÃ¢â¬ (Bok 173), Ã¢â¬Å"the fact that speech is protected by the First Amendment does not necessarily mean that it is right, proper, or civilÃ¢â¬ (Bok 172) Bok uses his opinions backed by a few facts from his own knowledge to help persuade the reader to agree with his viewpoints brought forth. Protecting Freedom of Expression on The CampusÃ¢â¬ by Derek Bok is written based upon his own beliefs, facts, and some research. BokÃ¢â¬â¢s article, however, lacks credibility due to the fact of his limited facts to back his own opinions. Although his essay fails to prove ethos without any substantial documentation, he comes close to making up for it with his passionate appeal to readers and his relevant, but not concrete data. His main source is his own opinion and beliefs from what he has seen, heard, or experienced himself. So even though Bok article is a very good one, his lack of sources makes his statements questionable. Work Cited Bok, Derek. Ã¢â¬Å"Protecting Freedom of Expression on The Campus. Ã¢â¬ Forming a Critical Perspective. Eds. Ann Spurlock, et al. Boston: Pearson Learning Solutions, 2010. 267-270. Print.
Thursday, February 27, 2020
A Model of International Company that Trades with Lubricants - Term Paper Example A multinational company is a company that conducts its trade between two or more countries. To conduct the business, a set of rules and regulation are laid down by international organizations and the countries where these organization conduct business. One common effect is the fluctuation of different currencies. The volatility affects the profitability of international trade. Also due to the currency volatility, there is a very high probability of the traders incurring loses on future sales. The formation of any multinational company is rigorous and most of the companies are run as joint ventures, mergers between two companies, private limited companies, public limited companies, licensing agreements among others. Corporate finance deals with the making of an appropriate financial decision for the company. These decisions are made using analytical tools. These tools help in the maximization of corporate value and in the management of the firm's financial risks. The decision made may be classified as short term or long term. Long term decisions involve capital investments decisions while short term decisions involve managing the working capital. Financial risk management, aids in evaluations of risks and developing strategies to manage these risks. In risk evaluation, the nature of the risk is determined by evaluating the impact of the exchange fluctuation on the corporation and the nature of the currency one is trading with. Risks can be managed/hedged using financial instruments. These instruments include interest rates, commodity prices, stock prices, and foreign exchange rates. The most effective way to manage financial risk is by the use of derivatives that trade on the financial markets. These derivatives are traded using instruments such as futures contract, Forwards contracts, swaps, and options.
Monday, February 10, 2020
Animation Question - Essay Example It is an improvement from 5 drawings because it includes a number of activities. It implies that the character could be having substantial weight (Ratner, 295). It allows the audience to see the character undertake preparations for jumping. At seven drawings, the character is held in the midair. The action creates suspense in the animation, which is a significant aspect of literature. The scenario is an improvement from 15 drawings. It allows the audience to view additional activities. It allows the audience to substantiate the weight of the audience. First, movement of the coyote can be easily noticed as walking or running (Ratner, 295). It then lowers itself down swiftly in order to prepare to jump. It then exposes itself in the air to jump. The coyote successfully suspends itself in the air to create an effect to viewers. The timing also allows the audience to study the relative speeds of the coyote and
Thursday, January 30, 2020
History and Archives Essay She was born in Moscow, Russia and spent all her childhood and most of her young years in the Soviet Union. She went to school in Moscow from 1973 to 1983, for 10 years. At school she was very interested in history especially in ancient history. She loved to read books about history of Egypt, Italy and Mexico and also started to develop an interest in how the people live in different countries and why they all are different in some ways and the same in other ways. During her childhood every summer she went to different camps, where she met new people from different republics (that now after the crash of the USSR they are all different countries. In 1983 she was admitted to Moscow Order of Honor State University of History and Archives. She was there for 6 years and received a Diploma for Master of History and Archival Science. While at the University she witnessed the last years of the Great Empire of the Soviet Union and its Collapse. She saw how people started to change when their lives were drastically changed by Perestroika. She saw how families collapsed under the strains of a new social and economic system which imposed new financial hardship and drastic even overnight changes in societal norms. She saw how children from those families reacted to escalating divorce rates and how their lives changed for the worse. Deep interest in history and cultures of different countries led her to explore on human behavior, their similarities and differences. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Having grown up in a totalitarian system and experiencing the perceived freedoms we enjoy here, she have an appreciation for issues related to how human beings deal with different pressures and expectations. Ã¢â¬ ¢ In the time that she was with people from other cultural backgrounds, she developed a great appreciation for the differences in cultural traditions and social behavior. Ã¢â¬ ¢ She pursued this interest and took up a masterÃ¢â¬â¢s course in History and Archival Science. Ã¢â¬ ¢ As she witnessed the tragic collapse of her nation, she saw how society as a whole abandoned the notion of Social responsibility and any feelings of obligation to others that were mandated by the government at one time were replaced with a vacuum that left many in search of a new vision of their place in society. Ã¢â¬ ¢ She observed how people react when their dreams and expectations taste the bitterness of reality and adjust to changes and stress and most of the times take up the negative route and enter into alcoholism, drug abuse, prostitution, felony. Personality The collapse of society happened almost overnight. It was shocking to her that the transformation of millions within such a short time, and to the extent of that transformation. Unfortunately it did not getting better; in fact it started to affect her. She now faced to adapt to her changing environment after adhering so closely to my traditional beliefs of honor and respect. Later she adapted to a new marriage and followed her spouse to the US. The move to the US was a very drastic change for her at that time. A totally different country, traditions, language and social norms. She had some difficult time in adjusting and understanding that country. Yet another adaptation was required of her. Her daughter was born and once again she was entering a different world with no guidance. She found her Ã¢â¬Å"lovingÃ¢â¬ husband of 20 years cheating on her with another woman. This was not what she expected in the least. Her life made no sense. Her beliefs that were honed for so many years were critically tasked. This new information made the pathways in her brain over taxed. This was not what she could accept. But she had too. There was no other reality. Still it took her years to grasp with that reality. Much as others deal with change she had trouble. It was her dispassionate belief that with coaching, that people could deal with a fast changing environment, including a new economic and social reality. She ended with a divorce. She then even had to adjust and live with the situation when her little girl was taken from her based on fraudulent allegations that swayed a person (one of many) who was the judge. Her heart was cut; she was drowning in ocean of emotions, and ones again in her life for the purpose to survive. Ã¢â¬ ¢ After the collapse of her nation, she began reading books on psychology, philosophy and religion, in order to adjust to the drastic change and realized that adaptation was the greatest tool that humans possessed. Ã¢â¬ ¢ For the purpose of dealing with the new challenges confronting her after the birth of her daughter, she began to educate herself through reading in order to learn more about the child development and psychology. Ã¢â¬ ¢ When she found her husband cheating on her, she could not accept it. But she had too. There was no other reality. She took years to grasp with that reality. She faced troubles initially but dispassionately believed that with coaching, that people can deal with a fast changing environment, including a new economic and social reality. Ã¢â¬ ¢ To get through her divorce, she returned to reading books on psychology and started to speak with counselors and therapists. She learned an incredible amount of practical applications of behavioral and cognitive tools she could use to adapt to this latest crisis. By reading and learning more she developed the desire to help and support people who face change and find it hard to adapt. She learnt enough to allow her to make a greater impact on how to teach people from an early age to handle change and look for ways to adapt that benefit society has a whole. She realized that her way, she and many others can adapt to new environmental stresses can and must be influenced by people who can motivate people who can show them how to deal with situations that were never expected. Whether it is dealing with a Cultural Revolution, and actual revolution, a great upheaval, a great loss, or a custody battle in a divorce or more recently fuel prices that will effect the poorÃ¢â¬â¢s heating in Northern states, peoplesÃ¢â¬â¢ financial stresses; people need to have help in guiding them through these transitions, and she wanted to make a difference in this way. She understood how different people are and how the behaviors of various groups are allowed to flourish. This dichotomy intrigued her as it would seem that a healthy society had to strike for some balance. She loved to explore the issue at greater length and have some guidance in understanding socio-psychological issues. She was not so much interested in pathology as she was in theoretical psychology of social norms and patterns along with how to setup systems to manage the needs of individuals along with the pressures of societal needs and peaceful coexistence. She wished to use adaptation tool to grow as a person. She looked for something to help her on this journey and I thought a respected school and her desire together could be used to help otherÃ¢â¬â¢s who have undergone serious social stresses in life, while maintaining a positive social framework in which they can function. In this way she was on her way to growth. References Pavlov, Ã¢â¬Å"Conditioned ReflexÃ¢â¬ (1903), [Internet], Available at http://www. pbs. org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/bhpavl. html, Accessed on: 3 August 2009 Skinner,Ã¢â¬ The Behavior of OrganismÃ¢â¬ (1936), [Internet], Available athttp://www. pbs. org/wgbh/aso/databank/entries/bhskin. html, Accessed: on 3 August 2009